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start learning how to read and write ancient egyptian hieroglyphs:

by dr. ossama alsaadawi

 

taught him the language

 

important: in this document let us use only small letters because capital letters will be used here

to express some other phonations of unique egyptian phoneme letters,

also we should note that reading direction of hieroglyphs is from left to right

 

I. introduction:

to begin studying egyptian language: 

1. one should master reading phoneme letters of in the first table, the corrected table of ossama alsaadawi! he should stress on the egyptian guttural sounds and master reading them correctly.

2. one should master reading all bilateral phonetic hieroglyphs according to their correct utterances.

3. one should follow all the strict rules for reading ancient egyptian hieroglyphs.

4. one should study carefully correct interpretations of ancient egyptian pictures because they are integrated parts of ancient egyptian texts.

5. studying slang spoken egyptian is a must for learning ae language. good electronic egyptian or arabic dictionary makes a great help. It is very easy to start learning spoken egyptian by learning and mastering reading of all egyptian bilateral phonetic words like ab, akh, 3m, Hr, rb, fr, etc. every bilateral egyptian word has a specified meaning and used frequently by the Egyptian peoples who inherited it from their ancient egyptian forefathers.

studying all dictionaries of dr. ossama alsaadawi is a must for learning true ancient egyptian language and here are four important links to start with:

common

dictionary

key words

vocabulary

one should be aware that most of traditional deciphering, interpretations and translations of the Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic texts were wrong. therefore, for correct reading and writing of Egyptian Hieroglyphs one should rely only on the above documents, that is *dictionaries of ossama alsaadawi*.

6. purchasing the following two egyptian hieroglyphic documents is a must for learning egyptian language from point of view of listing and reckoning most of the ancient egyptian hieroglyphic signs, words and expressions:

a. egyptian grammar, being an introduction to the study of hieroglyphs, by, sir Alan Gardiner, third edition

b. an egyptian hieroglyphic dictionary (ehd), by, e.a. Wallis Budge, i.s.b.n: 0-486-23615-3, comes in two volumes.

 

7. one should know how to write, read, and express the egyptian guttural and unique letters:

for more details please read here

 

8. one should realize that the spoken egyptian has never changed since very old epochs of ancient egypt and that modern egyptians speak very same like their ancient forefathers did. this of course help much in learning ancient egyptian language.

9. one should realize that there is nothing called coptic language. by coptic language savants mean the coptic script or writing line that the copts tried to use in place of the egyptian writing lines during the coptic era (390-640-AD). this trial died in its cradle because the coptic script (modified greek) never matched the spoken egyptian and was deserted by the copts themselves. the copts, either the ancients or the modern, speak only the colloquial egyptian which is prevailing in all epochs of the egyptian history and up today.

10. some helpful links for learning colloquial egyptian and egyptian hieroglyphs:

http://www.learn-arabic-now.com/store/index.asp

http://dhost.info/glyphwriter/

http://www.iut.univ-paris8.fr/~rosmord//JSesh/ 

http://aoineko.free.fr/ 

http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/WikiHiero

11. one should realize that ancient egyptian gods were wrongly deciphered by followers of champollion and the correct interpretations of the egyptian gods have quite different meanings!

II. simple examples for reading and writing few egyptian words:

1. how to read or write the egyptian word for *father*?

if you don't know the utterance of the egyptian word for *father* then you may find it in a good english-egyptian or english-arabic dictionary. if you search for it you will find it as *ab* which means *father*. now how to write *ab* in egyptian hieroglyphs?

a. we can use simple egyptian phoneme hieroglyphs (alphabets) like this:

[G1-D58]

 

ab = father

however, we must realize and be aware that the ancient egyptians used (in most cases) only bilateral phonetic values to write their written hieroglyphic texts. therefore, although this word is technically correct yet it is not an ancient egyptian way for writing it. hence, we should search for another bilateral sign which could be used as *ab* lingual component to write this word. this sign is [G29], and the word for egyptian father could be written as:

[G1-G29]

 

ab = father

see Wallis Budge EHD, p.5a, first word

the word could be written also without the vulture sign G1 but it is placed here to ensure that word starts with (a) and not vise versa. this word is the written egyptian word for father and reads as (ab) as shown above.

2. how to read or write the egyptian word for *brother*?

if you don't know the utterance of the egyptian word for *brother* then you may find it in a good english-egyptian or english-arabic dictionary. if you search for it you will find it as *akh* which means *brother*. now how to write *akh* in egyptian hieroglyphs?

a. we can use simple egyptian phoneme hieroglyphs (alphabets) like this:

[G1-Aa1:D54]

 

akh = brother

Wallis Budge EHD, p.9a, second word

or we could write it using bilateral words like this:

[G25-Aa1]

 

  akh = brother

see Gardiner lists under sign [G25]

 

3. likewise, we can write hundreds of egyptian hieroglyphic words as in the following examples:

 

                   

boy-girl                        mother                     sister-heart                    head-eye                     love-wife

 

                   

money-work                 happy-sad                 woman-man                 dear-lover                sleep-morning

 

                   

pron-I-he                      you-we                   light-darkness              hieroglyphs                  language  

 

                   

religion-read                  word-talk                      see-hear                        yes-no                      good-bad      

 

                   

book-write                  well-better                 Egypt-victory         confidential-secret             to-upon      

 

                   

     haman                       Tor-sinai                      go-come                     send-run                  above-under   

 

open

exercises:

         

exercise-12                 exercise-26                 exercise-35

to be continued ....

 

more-deciphered-hieroglyphs?!

 

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